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Source:  Salem Gazette - Salem, Massachusetts - Volume: XIII Issue: 94  Page: 2
Dated Tuesday, Nov. 24, 1835
The following deplorable account of a shipwreck, we copy from the Conneaut Gazette of the 13th.  Conneaut is in New York, on the Lake Erie shore.
CONNEAUT, Nov. 13.
     Ship Wreck and loss of Life. - At an early hour this morning a hull of a vessel was seen off our harbor, and with the aid of a Spy Glass one person was discovered on board; but as the Lake was rough, and the wind to the Northward, it was impossible to go out to the vessel.  About 8 o'clock, however, when she had drifted within about thirty rods of the shore, one mile west of the harbor, two or three individuals plunged into the Lake, and succeeded in getting on board, when a scene of horror and distress presented itself to their view.  The individual before discovered, proved to be the mate, by name of Henry Waghorn.  He was unable to help himself much, and seemed indifferent about getting on shore, and by his side lashed to the windless, were the lifeless bodies of two men, and in the cabin were ten more of men, women and children.  The mate was put on shore, and soon after the lifeless bodies of four men, three boys, four girls, and one woman, were taken on shore, and decently intered, in the burying ground attached to the Presbyterian Meeting House.
     After the mate had become revived and able to converse, we learned from him the following particulars relative to the accident.  The schooner is the Trader, of and for Otter Creek, Canada, loaded with lumber and bound for Cleaveland, with a crew of four including captain and mate, and ten passengers,  There was a widow lady and six children name not known, and three gentlemen, one by name of John  Richardson.  On Wednesday morning, when between Ashtabula and Grand River, about day light, a squall struck the schooner, which split all the sails and rendered her unmanageable; and about 11 A. M., two heavy seas struck her in quick succession, which capsized her, and carried away both her masts and bowprit, and stove a hole in her larboard bow; at the moment she capsized, all on board were below; in about five moments she righted again, when the mate, two of the hands, and one passenger, (name not known) got upon deck and all succeeded in lashing themselves to the windlass, except the passenger, who was swept overboard.  The captain and remainder of the passengers did not attempt to come upon deck, but remained in the cabin, about two thirds filled with water, until they died, which was between 10 o'clock that night and daylight the next morning.  The groans and cries for help continued till about daylight.  The widow was bound for Cleveland, where she has a son residing.  If the Lake should continue calm, it is probable the vessel may be got off, and towed into our Harbor.

     Extract of a letter dated Henderson P. O., Jefferson Co. Nov. 17. - "The blow last week produced terrible effects on Lake Ontario.  It looked like a boiling pot, as white as a sheet.  The shore is strewed with broken pieces of vessels; hands and passengers of more than one vessel are known to have been lost.  Several men from Henderson have been drowned.  There were none escaped to tell the news."

Source:  Friends' Intelligencer - Vol. 1 - No. 6 - Pg. 93
Dated: Seventh Month 1st, 1838
From the Baltimore Chronicle.
     The annexed narrative is derived from information which we procure, in person, from J. H. Couper, Esq , of Glynn county, Georgia, and Major James P. Heath, of this city. 
     The steam packet Pulaski, Captain Dubois, sailed from Savannah on Wednesday the 13th June, having on board about ninety passengers.  She arrived at Charleston the same afternoon, and sailed the next morning with sixty-five additional passengers.  In the afternoon the wind was fresh from the east, and produced a heavy sea, which retarded her progress, and required a full pressure of steam.  At half-past 10 the wind continued fresh, with a clear star-light, and there was every promise of a fine night.  At 11 o'clock the starboard boiler exploded with tremendous violence, blowing off the promenade deck above, and shattering the starboard side about midships—at the same time the bulk-head, between the boilers and forward cabin, was stove in, the stairway to it blocked up, and the bar room swept away.  The head of the boiler was blown out and the top rent fore and aft.  In consequence of the larboard boiler and works being comparatively uninjured, the boat heeled to that side, and the starboard side was kept out of the water, except when she rolled, when the sea rushed in at the breach.  The boat continued to settle rapidly, and in about forty minutes the water had reached the promenade deck above the ladies' cabin.  Previously to this period, the ladies, children, and the gentlemen who were in the after part of the boat, were placed on the promenade deck.  About the time that the water reached that point, the boat parted in two with a tremendous crash, and the bow and stern rose somewhat out of the water; but the latter again continued to sink until the water reached the promenade deck, when it separated in three parts, upset, and precipitated all on it into the water.  Many then regained the detached portions.  The gentlemen who occupied the forward cabin, took refuge on the extreme point of the bow, when the boat broke in two, and clung to it and the foremast; others had placed themselves on settees and the fragments of the wreck. 
     There were four boats belonging to the boat; two being swung to the sides, and two placed on the top of the promenade deck.  The side boats were both lowered down within five minutes of the explosion.  In that on the starboard side, the first mate, Mr. Hibbert, Mr. Swift, and one other person, had placed themselves.  In that on the larboard side, were Mr. J. H. Couper with Mrs. Nightingale and child, and Mrs. Fraser and her son, who were under his charge, Captain R. W. Pooler and son, and Mr. William Robertson, all of Georgia, Barney and Solomon, belonging to the crew, and two colored women.  By directions of the mate, two of the crew launched one of the deck boats and got into her; but as, from her long exposure to the sun, her seams were all open, she immediately filled, and Mr. Hibbert removed the men to his boat.  The boats met, when those in the second proposed to Mr. Hibbert to strike for the land, as it had on board as mary as it could with any safety carry: this he declined to do, as he said he was determined to stay by the wreck until daylight, and had yet room for more persons.  Both boats then continued to row about the wreck until the Mate's boat had picked up as many as she could carry, when Mr. Hibbert yielded to the propriety of consulting the safety of those in the boats, by going to the land, as their further stay would endanger them, without affording any aid to their suffering friends, and they left the wreck at 3 o'clock A. M. The boats took a N. W. course, being favored by a heavy sea and strong breeze from S. E. 
     At 12 o'clock they made the land, and at 3 P. M. were near the beach. Mr. Hibbert then waited until the second boat got up, and informed them that those who were in the boat refused to row any further, and insisted on landing.  Mr. Couper united with him in protesting against this measure, as, from the heavy breakers which were dashing on the beach, as far as the eye could reach, it was obviously one of great peril.  Being overruled, they submitted to make the attempt.  The mate, who had previously taken the two colored women from the second boat, then proposed to lea I the way, and requested Mr. Couper to lie off, until he had effected a landing, and was prepared to aid the ladies and children. The first boat then entered the surf, and disappeared for several minutes from those in the other boat, having been instantly filled with water.  Six of the persons in her, viz: Mr. Hibbert, Mr. Swift, Mr. Tappan, Mr. Leuchtenburg, and West and Brown, of the crew, landed in safety.  An old gentleman, supposed to be Judge Rochester, formerly of Buffalo, New York, but recently of Pensacola, Mr. Bird, of Georgia, the two colored women, and a boat hand, whose name is unknown, were drowned;  The other boat continued to keep off until about sunset, when, finding the night approaching, and there being no appearance of aid or change in the wind, which was blowing freshly in to the land, and the persons in the boat having previously refused to attempt to row any further, Mr. Couper reluctantly consented to attempt the landing.
     Before making the attempt, it was thought necessary, to prevent the infant of Mrs. Nightingale, which was only seven months old, from being lost, to lash it to her person, which was done.  Just as the sun was setting, the bow of the boat was turned to the shore, and Mr. Couper sculling, and two men at the oars, she was pulled into the breakers—she rose without difficulty upon the first breaker, but the second coming out with great violence, struck the oar from the hand of one of the rowers.  The boat was thus thrown into the trough of the sea, and the succeeding breaker struck her broadside, and turned her bottom upwards.  Upon regaining the surface, Mr. Couper laid hold of the boat, and soon discovered that the rest of the party, with the exception of Mrs. Nightingale, were making for the shore; — of her, for a few moments, he saw nothing, but, presently, feeling something like the dress of a female touching his root, he again dived down and was fortunate enough to grasp her by the hair.  The surf continued to break over them, with great violence, but, after a struggle, they reached the shore, utterly worn out with fatigue, watching, hunger, thirst, and the most intense and overwhelming excitement.  Besides this, the ladies and children were suffering severely from the cold.   The party proceeded a short distance from the shore, where the ladies laid down upon the side of a sand hill, and their protectors covered them and their children with sand, to prevent them from perishing.  Meantime some of the party went in quest of aid, and about 10 o'clock the whole of them found a kind and hospitable reception, shelter, food, and clothing, under the roof of Mr. Siglee Redd, of Onslow county.
     On Monday they reached Wilmington, where they found a deep sympathy for their misfortune, pervading the whole city, and generous emulation among its in habitants to render them every possible assistance. 
     The forward part of the boat, after her separation, continued to float.  On it were Major Heath and twenty-one others.  We have had a long conversation with Major Heath, in which he related with great minuteness every thing attending the preservation of the persons who were on the wreck with him.  It is impossible to convey in words, any thing more than a faint idea of the suffering they underwent, or of the many harrowing and distressing circumstances which occurred during the four days they were on the wreck.  
     But a short time previous to the explosion it was remarked by one of the passengers, to Major Heath, that the guage showed thirty inches of steam.   On the attention of the engineer being called to this fact, he replied that it would bear with safety forty inches.  Major Heath had just retired to the after-cabin. A number of passengers were lying on the settees, and when the boiler burst the steam rush ed into the cabin, and, it is thought, instantly killed them, as they turned over, fell on the floor, and never were seen, by the Major, to move afterwards.  He had, on hearing the noise of the explosion, got out of his birth and ran to the steps, the steam meeting him in the cabin.  He got under the steps, as did also Mr. Lovejoy, of Georgia, and they were thus shielded from its effects. In a few moments he went on deck, and found all dark.  He called for the Captain, and, receiving no answer, he made for the mast, as he felt that the boat was sinking.  Before he could secure himself the sea burst over him and carried him away.  Fortunately, however, a rope had caught round his leg, and with this he pulled himself back.  The mast, as soon as he had been washed from it, fell, and crushed one of the passengers, Mr. Auze, a French gentleman, of Augusta.  The boat now broke in two, and the deck, forward of the mast, was carried away from the rest of the vessel, seemingly very swiftly.  Nothing more was seen after this, by Major Heath, of the yawl or the after part of the boat; but in about half an hour, he heard a wild shrill scream, and then all was quiet!  This must have been when the promenade deck turned over, with at least one hundred human beings upon it!
     When daylight broke, he found that there were twenty-two on the wreck with him—among them Captain Pearson, who had been blown out into the sea, but who had caught a plank, and succeeded in leaching them during the night.
     The danger of their situation wag at once fully realized.  The heavy mast lay across the deck on which they rested, and kept it about twelve inches under water, and the planks were evidently fast parting! Captain Pearson, with the rest, set himself to work to lash the wreck together by the aid of the ropes on the mast—letting the ropes sink on the side of the raft, which, passing under, came up on the other side, and by repeating this operation, they formed a kind of net-work over it.  They also succeeded in lashing two large boxes to their raft, which formed seats. 
     Friday passed without any vessel coming in sight.  Their thirst now became intense.  The heat of the sun was very oppressive, its rays pouring down on their bare heads, and blistering their faces and backs, some not having even a shirt on, and none more than a shirt and pantaloons. 
     The suffering of the younger portion of their company, at this time, became very great.  Major Twiggs, of the U. S. Army, had saved his child, a boy about twelve years of age.  He kept him in his arms nearly all the time; and when he would call on his mother, who was safe at home, and beg for water, his father would seek in vain to comfort him by words of kindness, and clasping him closer to his heart. 
     On Saturday they fell in with another portion of the wreck, on which were Chicken and three others, whom they took on their raft.  Towards the close of evening they had approached within half a mile of shore, as they thought, and many were very anxious to make an effort to land.  This was objected to by Major Heath, as the breakers ran very high, and would have dashed the raft to pieces on the shore. Mr. Greenwood, from Georgia, told the Major that he was one of the best swimmers in the country, and that he would tie a rope around him and swim to the shore.  "No ! no!" replied the Major," you shall not risk your life for me, under these circumstances, and in such an attempt you would lose your life.  Not I am the oldest man in danger, and will not increase the risk of others."  All hope of landing then was shortly afterwards given up, as a slight breeze from the shore was now carrying them out into the sea.  Despair now seemed to seize on some of them, and one suggested that if relief did not soon reach them, it would be necessary to cast lots.  The firmness and decision of Major Heath soon put this horrid idea to flight.  "We are Christians," he told them, "and we cannot innocently imbrue our hands in the blood of a fellow creature.  A horrible catastrophe has deprived hundreds of their lives, brought sorrow to many a hearth, and thrown us upon the mercy of the winds and waves.  We have still life left, let us not give up all manliness and sink to the brute.  We have all our thoughts about us, and should face death, which must, sooner or later, overtake us, with the spirit that becomes us as Christian men.  When that hour arrives I will lay down my life without a mur mur, and 1 will risk it now for the safety of any of you, but I will never stand by and see another's sacrificed that we may drink his blood and eat his flesh!"  With such words as these did he quiet them, and reconcile them to await the issue.  The day wore away again, without the sight of a vessel to cheer their drooping spirits.
     On Sunday morning it commenced raining. with a stiff breeze from the' north east, which soon increased to a severe gale.  Every effort was made to catch some of the falling rain in the pieces of canvass which they had taken from the mast, but the sea ran so high that the little they did catch was nearly as salt as the water of the ocean.  Still the rain cooled them, and, in their situation, was refreshing and grateful.  On Monday morning they saw four vessels.  They raised on a pole a piece of the flag that was attached to the mast, and waved it, but in vain.  The vessels were too far off, and hope was nearly lost, as they watched them, one after another, pass from their sight.  They had now been without food or water for four days and nights—their tongues were dry in their mouths—their flesh burnt and blistered by the sun, and their brains fevered, and many of them began to exhibit the peculiar madness attendant on starvation.  They could not sleep either, as the raft was almost always under water, and it required continual watchfulness to keep them selves from being washed over by the sea.  Major Heath tells us, that never for one moment did he lose his consciousness; and we hear from others, that his cheerful spirit and encouraging conversation kept alive the hope of safety in the breast of others, and banished despair from their minds.
     On Tuesday morning a vessel hove in sight, and her track seemed to lie much nearer them than those they had seen the day before.  They again waved their flag, and raised their feeble voices. Still the vessel kept on her track, which now appeared to carry her away from them.  "She is gone!" said one of the crew, a poor fellow who had been dreadfully scalded, and he laid himself down on one of the boxes, as he said, " to die."  Captain Pearson, who had been closely watching the vessel, cried out, " She sees as! —she is coming towards us!"  And so it was.  All sails set, and full before the wind, the vessel made for them.  The schooner proved to be the Henry Camerdon, bound from Philadelphia to Wilmington, N. C. As soon as the captain came within speaking distance, he took his trumpet and cried out, "Be of good cheer—I will save you!"  It was the first strange voice that had reached their ears for five days, which were to them as an age. 
     When the schooner came alongside, they all rushed frantically on deck, and it was with some difficulty that the captain could keep them from the water casks.  He immediately gave each of them a half-pint of water, sweetened with molasses, and repeated it at short intervals.  His prudence, doubtless, preserved their lives. 
During the morning Major Heath and his company had seen another portion of the wreck, with several persons on it, and as soon as the captain of the Henry Camerdon was told of it, he sailed in the direction it had been seen, and shortly afterwards came in sight.  On this wreck, which was a part of the promenade deck, were Miss Rebecca Lamar, Mrs. Noah Smith, of Augusta, Master Charles Lamar, of Savannah, and Mr. Robert Hutchinson, also of Savannah.  The two ladies were much exhausted, and Master Lamar was almost dead.  Every comfort that the schooner was possessed of was freely bestowed by the captain, and Major Heath, on behalf of those who were saved with him, has asked us to return, thus publicly, to him the thanks, the deep and heartfelt thanks, of the beings whom he rescued from a condition of such misery and peril, that the heart sickens at the contemplation of it.  Mr. Hutchinson had lost in this disaster his wife and child.  His wife was the daughter of Mr. Elliott, formerly in the United States Senate, from Georgia. 
     When the promenade deck separated from the hull, many persons took refuge on this portion of it.  Among them was Mr. G. B. Lamar, of Savannah, and two children; Rev. Mr. Wirt and lady, of Florida, and a child of Mr. Hutchinson; and the second mate of the Pulaski. 
     On Saturday morning, finding there was no other hope of safety, the mate proposed to take the boat which they had secured, being the second deck boat, and, with five of the most able of those on the raft, to endeavor to reach the shore, and to send out some vessel to cruise for them.  This being assented to, the mate, with Mr. Lamar and four others, took their departure, and on Wednesday morning they reached New River Inlet in safety.  The passengers remaining on the raft, with the exception of the four mentioned as taken off by the John Camerdon, died from exhaustion; among them was the Rev. Mr. Wirt and lady, whose Christian resignation to their fate excited the admiration of all around them.  They expired within a few minutes of each other.  Seven persons were reported to have died on Monday.  The body of Mr. Parkman, of Savannah, floated to the raft, and was recognized by his friends. 
     It was ascertained at Wilmington on Wednesday morning, that eight other persons from the wreck had reached New River Inlet, but their names, with two exceptions, are unknown.
     The passengers who escaped were, almost without exception, in the clothes in which they were sleeping, and suffered very severely from the blistering effects of the sun, and the chilly wind of the night.  They were entirely destitute of water or food of any kind.  Those who were last saved were most of them in a dreadful state of ulceration and debility. 
     The cause of the disaster was obviously the neglect of the second engineer in permitting the water to boil off, or to blow off in the starboard boiler, and then letting in a full supply of water on the heated copper.  One of the hands saved had, a few moments before the explosion, examined the steam-guage, and found it fluctuating rapidly from 26 to 29 inches.  Another had just left the engine-room, when he heard the shrill whistling sound of high-pressure steam, as the engineer tried the water-cock: in a few seconds the explosion took place.  Captain Dubois was seen asleep in the wheel-house ten minutes before the explosion.  Captain Pearson, the second captain, was blown out of his berth into the sea, as was also Chicken, the first engineer.  They both regained the bow of the boat.
     The following is a recapitulation of the number saved at different times:— In the two boats . . . . . .
16 On the two rafts
30 In the boat with Mr. G. 8. Lamar . .
5 On other fragments 8
 - 59

Source: Plain Dealer - Cleveland, Ohio
Dated: 1890 July 30
List of the Killed, Injured and Missing.
BALTIMORE, July 29 - The following is a corrected list of the killed, injured and missing by the collision in the bay last night of the Norfolk steamer Virginia and teh excursion steamer Louis:
Killed:  Mrs. Catherine Keysen, Charles Graazer, 5 eyars, Daniel Koon, 11 years.
Injured:  Adolph Miller, fatally; Mrs. Magdalena Ruth; fatally; William C. Grazzer.
Missing:  Annie Ruth, 11 years; Grace M. Allison, 12 years; Willie Haas, 9 years; David H. Hitchcock, 29 years; Lizzie Graazer, 27 eyars; Maggie Eller, 13 years; Mrs. Sophie Faber, 47 years; Mrs. Margaret Oestereick, 50 years; Henry Koop, 9 years; William Reigel, 12 years.
A Coast Trader Burned.
FERNADINA, Fla. - July 29 - The steamer Franconia, from New York for this port, before reported as here on north breakers caught fire at daylight today.  All hands were saved.

Source:  Grand Rapids Press - Michigan
Dated: 1909 Aug. 29
DIED TO SAVE OTHERS - Wiresless Operator Eccles Staid at Post on Sinking Ohio. -
His C. Q. D. Calls Brought Aid to 200 Passengers, but he Lost his Own Live.
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 28 - One man, a wireless telegraph operator, gave his life that more than two hundred might be saved, when George E. Eccles of Seattle, went down with the Alaska Steamship company's steamer Ohio, yesterday while sounding the "C. Q. D."  His call for healp as his vessel was sinking brought the steamers Kingfisher, Humboldt and Rupert City to the rock off Steep Point in Hishkish narrows, British Columbia,  and all but himself and four others were saved.  only one passenger lost his life.
     The drowned:  Purser Frederick J. Stephen, Seattle; Wireless operator George E. Eccles, Seattle; The quarter-master; a soldier and a steerage passenger, names unknown. 
      Pilot Shaw was on the bridge when the ship struck.  The boats were lowered at once and women and children taken off.  The soldier and the steerage passenger were drowned by the upsetting of a boat during the rescue of the passengers.


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