Androscoggin County

Early Settlers & Their Families
Source: Chapter III - Historical, Descriptive and Personal of Livermore in Androscoggin (formerly in Oxford Co.
Publ. by Bailey & Noyes. - 1874

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* ABRAM, John
* ATWOOD, Samuel
* BEMIS, John
* BENJAMIN, Samuel
* BOARDMAN, Sylvanus
* BOND, Henry
* BRIGGS, Daniel
* CARVER - Widow
* CHANDLER, George
* CHASE, Thomas
* CHASE, Tristram
* CHILD, Ephraim
* CLARK, Cutting
* COFFIN, Naphtali
* COOLIDGE, Joseph
* COOLIDGE, Thomas
* COOLIDGE, William
* DAILEY, Daniel
* DAILEY, Nathaniel
* DELANO, Jabez
* ELLIS, Perez
* FISHER, Elijah
* FOSTER, Samuel
* FULLER, Isaac
* GIBBS, Pelatiah
* GODING, Jonathan
* GREVY, Henry
* HAINES, Peter, Capt.
* HILLMAN, Samuel
* HOBBS, Josiah, Capt.
* HOLMAN, Daniel
* HOWARD, Simeon
* JOHN, Abijah
* KIDDER, Jesse
* LEARNED, David
* MERRITT, Richard
* MILLS, Joseph
* MONROE, Abel
* MONROE, Abijah
* MONROE, John
* NORTON, James
* NORTON, Ransom
* NORTON, Sylvester
* NORTON, Zebulon
* PARK, Benjamin
* PERLEY, Nathaniel, Esq.
* PITTS, Ebenezer
* SAWIN, Samuel
* SMITH, Elisha
* STRICKLAND, Hastings
* TRUE, Benjamin
* TURNER, Abial
* WALKER, John
* WING, Reuben
* WINSLOW, Benjamin
* WYER, Joseph
     The sketches of early settlers and their families, which can be given, must be brief, and limited, as a rule, to those who were in the town before the date of its incorporation.
     The first settler and principal proprietor of the town, and in whose honor it was named, was, as has been already stated, ELIJAH LIVERMORE,* who was born in Waltham, Mass., March 4, 1730-1.  He was the son of Samuel Livermore, a prominent citizen of that town and who had for a long time (we are told in Bond's Genealogies)  "the greatest share of the municipal business of the town."  He was selectman from 1743 to 1764; representative from 1845 to 1763, and town clerk and treasurer twenty-six years.  Elijah was an elder brother of the Hon. Samuel Livermore, who was born 1732, and graduated at Nassau Hall in 1752, settled in Holderness, N. H., about 1780, and of whom Bond  gives the following record:  "He studied law with Judge Trowbridge and was made King's attorney-general for New Hampshire by Governor Wentworth in 1769.  Soon after the breaking out of the Revolution he was made the State attorney-general; was several times delegate to the Continental Congress, and was made chief justice of the State 1782; was member of the convention for adopting the Federal constitution, upon the adoption of which he was elected representative to congress; at the end  of two years he was elected United States senator, which office he held nine years until he resigned in 1800."  The Hon. Samuel Livermore was the father of Edward St. Loe and Arthur Livermore, both of whom were judges of the supreme court of New Hampshire, and members of congress.
     Elijah Livermore inherited his father's homestead; was a lieutenant in the militia of Massachusetts, and was chosen deacon of the Congregationalist Church in Waltham upon the death of his father.  He removed to Livermore in 1779, where he died August 5, 1808.  Good sense, integrity, kindness, and a genial humor were traits which most distinctly marked his character.  When he died he was mourned as a good man and friend by the people of the town which he had planted with so much care and wisdom.  The children of Deacon Livermore were as follows: Abigail, b. November 20, 1758, d. 1817.  She married Rev. Elisha Williams, a graduate of Yale College.  Mr. Williams moved to Livermore about 1790 and was the first school-master in the town.  About 1798 he became pastor of the Baptist Church in Brunswick.  He died in Cambridge in 1845.  He had eleven children.  A daughter, Sophia, married John Appleton, at one time a resident of Portland.  William. b. Jan. 9, 1763, d. in Louisiana in 1832.  He was bred a merchant in Boston; traded some time on Roccomeco Point in Jay (now Canton), and afterwards in Hallowell, and was a major in militia.  Danforth P. Livermore and the wife of Col. Andrew Masters, of Hallowell, were his children.  Hannah, b. Nov. 22, 1764, d. Jan. 1785.  Isaac, b. May 7, 1768, d. Oct., 1820; was bred a merchant in Boston; was in trade a short time in Hallowell, Maine, and then settled in Livermore as a farmer, and were he was a justice of the peace.  His children were Hannah. b. 1796, d. 1836; Granville Putnam, b. 1798, now of St. Joseph, Missouri; Eliza, b. 1801; Elijah, b. 1804; Horatio Gates, b. 1807, a prominent citizen of San Francisco; Abigail Williams, Alma Louisa, and Julia Snow.  Sarah, b. Dec. 7, 1770, married Robert Pierpont, of Roxbury, and d. Feb. 19, 1847.  He lived on the old Livermore farm, and died Dec. 9, 1811, at the age of forty two years.  His children were Hannah, b. 1797, d. 1819; Robert, b. 1798, a resident of Livermore; George Washington, b. Jan. 17, 1800, a resident of Livermore Falls; Elijah, b. 1803, d. 1818; Charles Henry, b. 1801, d. very suddenly at Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 6, 1850; John Murdock, b. 1808, d. 1818.  Anna, b. April 6, 1775, married Dec. 14, 1797, Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, to whom reference will be made hereafter.  Samuel, the youngest child, was born April 6, 1778, married Lura Chase, daughter of Thomas Chase.  He died Nov. 26, 1823.  He was quite frequently a town officer, and at several times represented the town in the Massachusetts legislature.  Betsey, his oldest child, was b. in 1803, d. 1822; Emery, his only son, was born Feb. 18, 1809, and after residing in Bangor for several years moved to St. Joseph, Mo.; Lura, the youngest child, born  Oct. 25, 1815, married Levi B. Young, of Livermore.
WIDOW - CARVER was the second settler.  She had seven children, William, James, Amos, and Nathan, and three daughters, one of whom married Cutting Clark, one John Winter, and one was unmarried.  The family was originally from Duxbury, and William settled in 1780 on the lot now occupied as a farm by George Gibbs, son of John GibbsMrs. Carver made the first clearing and lived for a short time on the farm where Col. Lewis Hunton now lives.
JOSIAH WYER, the third settler and fifth with a family, was born in Watertown in 1749 and moved to Livermore, or Port Royal, as it was then called, in 1779.  He married Rebecca Brackett, of Falmouth, Me., in 1782.  He died July 7, 1827.  He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and orderly sergeant, and was in the battle at Bunker Hill.  He was buried with military honors.  Mr. Wyer resided on the road leading towards North Turner Bridge from the old Methodist meeting-house, on the farm now occupied by Amos Beckler.  His widow died June 18, 1836.  Their children were Nancy, b. Oct. 1, 1786, who married Nathaniel Soper, and d. Sept. 29, 1871.  She was the first female child born in the town.  Her husband, who survives her, came from Pembroke, Mass., in 1806.  He is now (1874) eighty-seven years old.  Isaac, b. May 23, 1788, d. in the East Indies.  William, b. Mar. 30, 1790, married Lucy Baker, and d. in Livermore Dec. 30, 1858.  He was a volunteer in the war of 1812, and his son, Otis was a soldier in the war of the Rebellion.  Betsey, b. April 30, 1791, married David BrickettSally, b. Sept. 7, 1792, married Thomas Haskell, d. in Livermore.  Nathaniel, b. April 19, 1794, d. in Livermore.  Rebekah, b. Sept. 30, 1795, married Job Haskell, d. in East Livermore.  George, b. April 2, 1800, d. in Livermore.  Charles, b. Oct. 26, 1804, married Sophronia Shaw.
ELISHA SMITH came from Martha's Vineyard about 1780 and purchased and lived on the lot afterwards owned by Rev. Thomas Wyman.
SAMUEL BENJAMIN** was born at Watertown, in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, Feb. 5, 1753.  At the breaking out of the difficulties with the mother country, in the spring of 1775, he joined the company of Captain David Whiting, of which he was the first sergeant.  He was at the combat of Lexington, on the ever-memorable morning of the 19th of April, 1775, where the first blood was shed in the great struggle for Independence.  He was also at the battle of Bunker Hill, on the 17th of June, 1775, and at Monmouth, Yorktown, and many other battles of lesser note in the Revolution.  His whole term of service was seven years, three months, and twenty-one days, and it is doubtful if there was any man in the Revolution who was in more battles, or saw more or harder service.   The following declaration of Lieutenant Benjamin, made for the purpose of obtaining a pension, contains a full statement of his service:
     "I, Samuel Benjamin, a resident citizen of the United States of America, an inhabitant of Livermore, in the County of Oxford, and State of Massachusetts, on oath declare, that from the battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775, in which I was engaged, I was in the Continental service in the Revolutionary War, without ever leaving said service, even so much as one day, until the 6th day of August, A. D. 1782.  I served the eight months' service in 1775 at Cambridge, in said State; in 1776, as soon as the British left Boston, we marched to Ticonderoga, where my year's service expired; and, on the 1st of January, 1777, I received from John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress, an ensign's commission, which is hereunto annexed, and continued to serve under said commission in Captain Ebenezer Cleaveland's company, Colonel Michael Jackson's regiment, in the Massachusetts line, in the army of the United Colonies on the Continental establishments, until I received a commission of lieutenant, dated Oct. 7, 1777, under which commission I served in the same company above said (which company was now, and had been some months previous, commanded by Captain Silas Pierce, in consequence of the resignation of said Captain Cleaveland) until 6th day of August, A. D. 1782, when I had liberty to leave the service - a certificate of which, signed by Colonel Michael Jackson, is also hereunto annexed.  My commission of lieutenant I sent to Washington last winter, and have it not in my power.  I was in the battle at Lexington above said before I engaged as a Continental soldier; and afterwards was in the battle of Monmouth, and at the taking of Cornwallis, and numerous other battles of less magnitude.  I left the service at West Point, as will appear from the annexed certificate.                                    SAMUEL BENJAMIN.

     This is the certificate above referred to:
    "This may certify that Lieutenant Samuel Benjamin, of the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, has retired from present service, in consequence of a resolve of congress, passed the 23d of April, 1782, and is thereby entitled to half pay during life, by a resolve of congress, passed the 3d and 21st of October, 1780.
     Given under my hand, in garrison, West Point, this 6th day of August, 1782.
                                                              M. JACKSON
Colonel Eighth Massachusetts Regiment"

     Lieutenant Benjamin was married to Tabitha Livermore, of Waltham, Mass., by the Rev. Jacob Cushing, pastor of the Church of Christ, in Waltham, on the 16gh day of January, 1782.  She was the sister of the venerable Nathaniel Livermore, who is now living (1858) in Cambridge, Mass., at the advanced age of eighty-three years; and was a relative of Dea. Elijah Livermore, the common ancestor being Samuel Livermore, of Watertown, who died Dec. 5, 1690.
     In the fall of 1782, Lieutenant Benjamin made a trip to the District of Maine, for the purpose of selecting a location of his future home.  On the 10th day of October, 1782, he bought of Dea. Elijah Livermore," of Liverton" (now Livermoe)," Cumberland County, Massachusetts," a tract of about one hundred and twenty acres of land, bounded as follows: "Southerly on land owned by Josiah Norcross, easterly by Long Pond (so called), northerly on the last division and another pond, westerly on said pond and lot No. 55."
     On the next day, Benjamin executed a mortgage to Livermore of the said tract, to secure the payment of the consideration, viz:  twenty-five bushels of corn, and twenty-five bushels of rye, in twenty-six months, and the same amount of corn and rye in three years and two months.  The consideration expressed in the deed was thirty pounds.
     In October, 1796, Benjamin bought of Otis Robinson the property at Gibb's Mills, now so called.  In December, 1797, he bought part of lot 11, on the east side of the Androscoggin Rover (now East Livermore), of Nathaniel Dailey; and in 1799 he bought the other part of the said lot from Daniel Stevens.  He lived on this place until the time of his death, on the 14th day of April, 1824.  He was the fourth settler, with a family, in the town of Livermore.  He first occupied a log cabin, built by Major Thomas Fish, a Revolutionary officer, at what has ever since been known s the "Fish Meadow."  This was in March, 1783.
    The remains of Lieutenant Benjamin were buried in the quiet little country burying-ground, on the western bank of the Androscoggin River, at what is known as the "Intervale."  He was buried with military honors, and a modest and appropriate monument marks his last resting place, upon which is the following inscription:

     "This monument is erected to the memory of Lieutenant Samuel Benjamin, who died April 14, 1824, in the seventy-first year of his age; an officer of the American Revolution, who fought in the sacred cause of his country and the rights of mankind, from the ever-memorable morning of the 19th of April, 1775, to the surrender of Lord Cornwallis, at Yorktown, on the 19th day of October, 1781, and from thence to the close of that sanguinary war, which established the freedom and independence of the United States, and gave to them a distinguished rank among the nations of the earth.

     The widow of Lieutenant Benjamin, born June 27, 1857, died June 20, 1837, at the residence of her son, Colonel Billy Benjamin, of Livermore.  He left ten children, seven of whom are now (1858) living in Maine.
     The foregoing notice of Lieutenant Benjamin is copied from a pamphlet containing extracts from a journal which he kept while in the war.
     He was frequently in town office; was one of the selectmen from 1801 to 1805, inclusive.  His children were Billy, Samuel, Nathaniel, Betsey, Polly and Martha (twins), David, Charles, Elisha, Ruth.  Billy, b. March 13, 1785, d. March 31, 1849, was the second male child born in town.  He married Phebe Wellington, whose family came from Lincoln, Mass.  He was a man of military bearing and tastes, and was a colonel in the State militia.  His residence was on the Intervale.  Samuel b. Sept. 7, 1786, d. April 27, 1871, learnt a cabinet maker's trade and established the business in Winthrop.  He married Olivia Metcalf, by whom he had twelve children, of whom eight are now living.  Nathaniel, b. May 16, 1788, d. Dec. 19, 1867, married Betsey Chase, by whom he had seven children, six of whom are living.  Betsey, b. Dec. 29, 1790, married Samuel Morrison, of LivermoreShe died Dec. 8, 1860.  They had five children.  Polly. b. Oct. 2, 1792, married Samuel Ames, of Livermore.  They had six children, of whom three are living in 1874.  Mr. Ames moved to Sebec, in the County of Penobscot, now in Piscataquis County, before 1827.  He went in a few years to Hermon near Bangor, and was for one year a representative of the class, in which Hermon was embraced, in the State legislature.  He died in Hermon April 7, 1862.  He was born May 11, 1789.  His widow survived him till March 6, 1862.  He was born May 11, 1789.  His widow survived him till March 6, 1865, when she died at the age of seventy-three years.  Martha (or Patty), twin of Polly, b. Oct. 4, 1792, married Israel Washburn, March 30, 182, d. May 6, 1861.  David, b. June 3, 1794, married Catherine Stanwood, of Brunswick, and resides on the "old Benjamin farm," and where once was Benjamin's Ferry.  They have had five children, three of whom are living.  Charles, b. Aug. 2, 1795, married Lucy Chase, and was a cabinet maker on the Intervale, in Livermore.  He died May 10, 1834.  She survived him several years.  They left Betsey, who married John M. Benjamin, Esq., of Winthrop.  Elisha, b. Oct. 10, 1797, went South and died in New Orleans., December, 1852, at the age of fifty-five years.  Ruth married Jonathan Lovejoy - was a lieutenant in the civil war.  She was b. May 20, 1797, and d. Feb. 3, 1869.  Two children survive her, Elisha B., whose home is in Livermore, and Charles B., a resident of Portland.

REUBEN WING came from Harwich, Mass., and married a daughter of Elisha Smith.  He died in 1861 on the farm on which he had lived for more than sixty-five years.  He was a good man and much respected.
CUTTING CLARK was a brother of Hannah Clark, Dea. Livermore's first wife.  He lived on the northerly part of Fuller's Hill.  He came from Waltham soon after the settlement of Livermore.  He was born Feb. 24, 1754, and lived to an advanced age.  He was a man of fertile imagination, and a famous hunter in his day.  He device for preserving the life of an Indian boy, who was with him on a hunting expedition, from the severity of the cold, is among the traditions of the town, and was at once unique and effective.


JOHN WALKER, whose wife was a sister of Dea. Gibbs, was one of the first settlers and lived where Gilbert Hathanway (who came from Freetown, Mass.) afterwards lived and died.  Walker was one of Arnold's men in the expedition by the Kennebec River to Quebec in 1775.  He was the father of Colonel Dexter Walker, and of Elijah, Levi, and Rufus Walker.
DANIEL DAILEY settled on the farm on the east side of the river, now owned by Col. Lewis Hunton.  He was in town at a very early date.
NATHANIEL DAILEY (son of Daniel) was among the first settlers in Livermore.  He cleared the farm on the east side of the river afterwards owned by Lieut. Benjamin, and on which David Bejamin now lives.



* John Livermore, probably the ancestor of all the Livermores in the United States, embarked at Ipswich, England, for New England in April, 1634, then aged twenty-eight, in the Francis, John Cutting, master.  He was admitted freeman May 6, 1635, and was in Watertown as early as 1642.  He was repeatedly a selectman and held other offices of trust.  He was by trade a potter.  His parentage has not been conclusively ascertained; but there is reason to suppose that he came from Little Thurloe, county of Suffolk. - Bond's Genealogies.
Mr. Benjamin was a descendant, in the fifth generation, of John Benjamin, who married in the ship Lion, Sept. 16, 1632, and was admitted freeman the subsequent November; was a proprietor of Cambridge and perhaps first settled there.  If so, it was only for a short time, at his house, with goods to the amount of 100, was burnt in Watertown April 7, 1836.  Gov. Winthrop designated him as "Mr. Benjamin," and in 1642 he had the largest homestall in Watertown.  He died June 14, 1845 - Bond's Genealogies.
This name, given to the township by Maj. Thomas Fish, did not permanently supplant that by which it had been generally known - Port Royal.




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