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SLAVERY IN MISSOURI
1804-1865
by
HARRISON ANTHONY TREXLER
----------
A DESSERTATION
Submitted to the Board of University Studies of The Johns
Hopkins University in Comformity with the Requirements
for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Publ. Baltimore
1914


CONTENTS

  PAGE PAGE
PREFACE vii

CHAPTER I. - MISSOURI SLAVERY AS AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM
 
  Development of the System 9  
  The Size of Slave Holdings 13  
  The Labor of the Slave 18  
  The Hire of the Slave 28  
  The Value of the Slave 37  
  The Slave as an Article of Commerce 44  
  The Profitaleness of Slavery in Missouri 53  


CHAPTER II. - THE SLAVE BEFORE THE LAW

   
  The Legal basis of the Slaery System 57  
  The Missouri Slave Law 59  
  The Slave as Property 60  
  Civil Status of the Slave 63  
  Indian Slaves 79  


CHAPTER III. - THE SOCIAL STATUS OF THE SLAVE

   
  The Religion and Education of the Slave 82  
  Marriage 87  
  Crime 89  
  Treatment of the Slave 90  


CHAPTER IV. - THE SLAVERY ISSUE IN POLITICS AND IN THE CHURCHES

   
  Slavery and State-Rights 100  
  Emancipation as a Political Issue 109  
  The Mormons and Slavery 122  
  The Platte Purchase 124  
  The Slavery Issue in the Churches 126  


CHAPTER V. - SENATOR BENTON AND SLAVERY

   
  The Beginnings of Abolition Agitation 134  
  Annexation of Texas Favored in Missouri 137  
  Benton's Stand on the Texas Question 142  
  Benton's "Appeal" and Defeat 155  
  Conservatism of the Whigs 159  
  Germans Opposed to Slavery 165  
  Intolerance toward Agitators 170  


CHAPTER VI. - MISSOURI AND KANSAS

   
  Missouri a Slavery Frontier 173  
  Legislation to Prevent Escape of Slaves 174  
  Free Kansas a Menace to Missouri 185  
  Missouri Slaveholders in the Fight for Kansas 192  
  Heavy Loss of Slave Property in Missouri by Underground Railroad 202  


CHAPTER VII - MANUMISSION, COLONIZATION, AND EMANCIPATION

   
  Legal Conditions of Manumission 208  
  Suits for Freedom 211  
  Purchases of Freedom 219  
  Number of Manumissions and Status of Free Blacks 223  
  Missouri State Colonization Society 227  
  Fremont's Proclamation 232  
  Abolition of Slavery by State Convention 233  


BIBLIOGRAPHY

   
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