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Welcome to
State of West Virginia

History of West Virginia
in two parts by Virgil A. Lewis
Corresponding member of the Virginia Historical Society
"A moment, and the pageant's gone:
The red men are no more;
The pale-faced stranger stands alone
Upon the river's shore." ~ Paulding
Published: Philadelphia. Hubbard Brothers, Publishers - 1889

CONTENTS OF PART I.

CHAPTER I. - INTRODUCTION......................... pg. 19
  Discovery of America - The Continent first seen by White Men - The Northmen in America - European Nations engage in Trans-Atlantic Voyage and Discovery - The Spanish, French and English partition the Continent - Attempts at Colonization - Raleigh's futile Attempt to establish a Colony on Roanoke Island
CHAPTER II. - THE SETTLEMENT OF JAMESTOWN......................... pg. 25
  Important Events in the World's History - The London Company - The first Voyage made under its Auspices - First permanent English Settlement in America - The Beginning - The Government of the Colony - Captain John Smith - His Administration of the Government - His Captivity and Rescue by Pocahontas - Return of Newport - Smith's Explorations
CHAPTER III. - VIRGINIA UNDER THE SECOND CHAPTER........................ pg. 34
  Lord Delaware - Alarm at Jamestown - New Settlements - Imbecility of Martin - Civil Dissension - Smith bids Adieu to Virginia - The Starving Time - Jamestown Abandoned - Sir Thomas Dale  - Division of Property - Sir Thomas Gates, the Governor - Virginia under the Third Charter - Marriage of Rolfe and Pocahontas - Administration of Sir Thomas Yeardley - Establishment of Representative Government - First Mothers of Virginia - Introduction of African Slavery - A Liberal Constitution - The Massacre of March 22, 1622 - Dissolution of the London Company - Virginia under Royal Government
CHAPTER VI - FROM THE SEA TO THE MOUNTAINS........................ pg. 50
  Tidewater Virginia - The Piedmont Region - March of Civilization of the West - Organization of the First Counties - Increase of the same - The Mountain Barrier - The Unknown Regions of the West - Colonel Alexander Spottswood - His Expedition over the Blue Ridge - The Knights of the Golden Horseshoe - Virginia at the Close of the Seventeenth Century
CHAPTER V - EXPLORATION AND SETTLEMENT OF THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY........................ pg. 58
  The Valley Region - John Van Matre, probably the first White Man that traversed the Beautiful Valley - The Land Warrant of John and Isaac Van Matre - Their Claim purchased by Joist Hite - He and Others rear Cabin Homes near the present Site of Winchester - Pioneer Settlers of the Lower Valley - The Northern Neck - Lord Fairfax - His Patents and Manors - John Salling and John Marlin Explore the Upper Valley - Salling a Prisoner among the Indians - His Return to Williamsburg - John Lewis, the Founder of Augusta County - Grant to William Beverly and Others - "Beverly Manor" - Benjamin Burden - Burden's Grant - His Colonist - The Scotch Irish - Their Character - Organization of Augusta and Frederick Counties - View of the Valley in 1750.
CHAPTER VI - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR ........................ pg. 74
  The French in America - The Claims of the Two Nations to the Ohio Valley - The Ohio Land Company - The Men Composing it - Its Grant for all the Lands lying between the Great Kanawha and Monongahela Rivers - Christopher Gist, its Agent and Explorer, sent to the Ohio River - The New Province of "Vandalia" - Other Land Companies - The French Expedition to the Ohio - They bury Leaden Plates at the Mouths of the Principal Tributaries - Notice of One deposited at the Mouth of the Great Kanawha - Governor Dinwiddie sends Washington with Dispatches to the French Commander - The English attempt the Erection of a Fort at the Forks of the Ohio - The French build Fort DuQuesne - Washington's March to the West - Erection and Surrender of Fort Necessity - General Braddock arrives in Virginia - His March into the Sandy Expedition of 1767 - Campaign of General Forbes - France loses her Sovereignty in America.
CHAPTER VII - THE INDIAN TITLE TO THE TERRITORY NOW EMBRACED IN WEST VIRGINIA ........................ pg. 95
  The Six Nations - The Tuscaroras - Treaty of Fort Stanwix - Indian Cession of Territory south of the Ohio - Deed of Cession - Other Tribes refuse to ratify the Same - The Mississippi Company
CHAPTER VIII - THE WAR ON THE BORDER........................ pg. 105
  Pontiac's Conspiracy - Destruction of the Settlements in the Greenbrier Valley in 1763 - Colonel Boquet's Treaty with the Indians - Colonel George Crogan's Decent of the Ohio - Washington's Journey to the Ohio in 1770
CHAPTER IX - THE VIRGINIA ARMY IN THE OHIO VALLEY........................ pg. 113
  Dunmore's War - English Folly - Murder of Logan's Family - Building of Fort Henry - Expedition of Colonel Angus McDonald - Destruction of the Wakatomika Towns - The Virginia Army - General Andrew Lewis' March to the West - Dunmore reaches the Ohio - He builds Fort Gower - Battle of Point Pleasant - Erection of Fort Randolph - The Divisions Reunited - Return of the Army.
CHAPTER X - WEST VIRGINIA DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR........................ pg. 136
  West Virginia at the Beginning of the War - The Quebec Act - Colonial Convention of 1775 - West Virginians in the Continental Army - Tory Insurrection within the Limits of the State
CHAPTER XI - MILITARY OPERATIONS ON THE BORDER FROM 1777 TO 1795........................ pg. 148
  West Virginia at the Close of the Revolution - Western outposts of Civilization - Forts, Stockades and Block houses - The Indians besiege Fort Henry - Murder of Cornstalk at Point Pleasant - Attempt to punish his Murders - Military Movements in the Ohio Valley - Expedition of General McIntosh, with Biographical Notice - Fatal Ambuscade at Point Pleasant - Siege of Fort Randolph - General Clark's Illinois Campaign - Expedition of Colonel Daniel Brodhead - Colonel Davis Williamson's March to the West and Murder of the Moravian Indians - Colonel Willialm Crawford's Expedition and his terrible Fate - Campaign of General Harmar - St. Clair's Defeat - Battle of Fallen Timbers - Wayne's Treaty with the Indians
CHAPTER XII - BOUNDARY BETWEEN WEST VIRGINIA AND PENNSYLVANIA........................ pg. 194
  Western Limits of Virginia as first defined - Charter of Maryland - Penn's Grant - Its Western Limit - Dispute between West Virginia and Pennsylvania regarding the Same - Dividing Line between Maryland and Pennsylvania - Commissioners appointed to determine the Same - Mason and Dixon's Line - Its Western Extension - Slow Progress of the Same - Virginia's Protest - Her Constitutional Concession in 1776 - Commissioners of Virginia and Pennsylvania continue Mason and Dixon's Line - Southwest Corner of Pennsylvania determined and marked - Origin of the Northern Panhandle
CHAPTER XIII - CESSION OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY........................ pg. 201
  Virginia's Deed of Cession - The Conditions of the Same recited - Extended Preamble - Agents on the part of Virginia who signed the Deed - Thomas Hutchins, Geographer of the United States - First Survey north of the Ohio - The Ordinance of 1787 - Virginia's Military Lands West of the Ohio - The Ohio Company of Associates - Founding of Marietta, the oldest Town in Ohio.
CHAPTER XIV - WEST VIRGINIANS IN THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION OF 1788, WHICH RATIFIED THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION........................ pg. 215
  Meeting of the Convention - Counties then existing within the present Limits of West Virginia - Delegates from the Same - General William Darke - General Adam Stephens - Colonel john Stuart - Captain George Clendenin, the Founder of Charleston - Ebenezer Zane, the Founder of Wheeling.
CHAPTER XV - THE WEST VIRGINIA PIONEERS......................... pg. 223
  The Pioneers - Their Code of Morals - Themselves and their Sons in the War of 1812 - Descendants in the Mexican War - Soldiers from what is now West Virginia, enlisted under the "Ten Regiment Act" - Roll of the Same
CHAPTER XVI - INTRODUCTION OF STEAM NAVIGATION ON WEST VIRGINIA WATERS ........................ pg. 229
  Nicholas Roosevelt sent by Robert R. Livingston and Robert Fulton to survey the Ohio - Building of the First Steamer at Pittsburg - Prophetic View of Steam Navigation on the Western Waters - The Steamer "New Orleans," the first on the Ohio - Her experimental Voyage - Arrival at New Orleans - First Steamboat on the Great Kanawha - First to reach Charleston - First to reach Morgantown - First that reached Elizabeth on the Little Kanawha - Second to reach the same Place.
CHAPTER VII - THE BOUNDARY LINE BETWEEN MARYLAND AND WEST VIRGINIA........................ pg. 234
  The Claim of Maryland to a Portion of Virginia - Its Revival in 1832 - Governor Floyd appoints Charles J. Faulkner a Commissioner on the Part of Virginia - His Historical Research - His Report in Full - Historical Value of the Same
CHAPTER XVIII - WEST VIRGINIA'S CLAIM TO THE JURISDICTION OF THE OHIO RIVER......................... pg. 256
  West Virginia now occupying the Position of Virginia - Ohio and Virginia attempt to settle the disputed Question - Commissioners appointed on teh Part of each State - Their Meeting at the National Capital - Their Failure to agree - Hon. George W. Thompson's Investigation relative to the Subject - Text of his Report - Historical Review - Legal Deductions
CHAPTER XIX - INSURRECTION AT HARPER'S FERRY......................... pg. 307
  The Location - Gathering of John Brown and his Confederates - The Armory and Arsenal in possession of the Insurgents - Arrival of the Military - The Attack and Capture - Loss of Life on either Side - The Trial and Conviction - Execution of the Sentence
CHAPTER XX - CONSTITUTION OF VIRGINIA......................... pg. 319
  The Constitution of 1776 - The Property Qualification of the Right of Suffrage - Unequal Taxation and Representation - Opposition between the East and the West - Conflicting Interests of the two Sections - Constitutional Convention of 1829 - 30 - Failure of the West to secure a Redress of Grievances - The Vote upon the Constitution in the Trans-Allegheny Counties - Increased Opposition between the two Sections - The Question of the Expediency of a Division of the State - The Constitutional Convention of 1850-51 - The Delegates from the Western Counties - Civil War the Opportunity for securing a Division of the State.
CHAPTER XXI - VIRGINIA'S ORDINANCE OF SECESSION......................... pg. 328
  Expression of Public Sentiment regarding Secession - The Act of the Assembly providing for a Convention - Joint Resolution of the same Body - Election of Delegates to the Convention - Meeting of the Same - Members from that Portion of the State now composing West Virginia - Action indicating final Result - Passage of the Ordinance of Secession - Enthusiasm in the East - Western Delegates escape from Richmond - Their Arrival at Home - determined Opposition in the West - Action taken at Wheeling - Proceedings in Brooke County - Committee sent to Washington to secure Arms - Expression of Public Sentiment in the Western Counties - The Clarksburg Convention
CHAPTER XXII - THE FIRST WHEELING CONVENTION......................... pg. 346
  Virginia's Military Force placed under the Direction of the President of the Confederate States - Meeting of the Citizens in Berkeley County - Convention convened in Washington Hall, Wheeling - The Men composing It - Organization of the Body - Committee appointed - The Members divided on the Question of the Formation of the new State - Work of the Convention - Adjournment.
CHAPTER XXIII - THE SECOND WHEELING CONVENTION - THE REORGANIZED GOVERNMENT......................... pg. 356
  The Vote on the Ordinance of Secession - Election of Delegates - Members of the General Assembly admitted to Seats - Meeting of the Body - Roll of Members - Organization - The Committee on Order of Business - It reports "A Declaration of the People of Virginia" - An Ordinance for the Reorganization of the State Government - State Officers chosen - Adjournment - Meeting of the General Assembly under the Restored Government.
CHAPTER XXIV - THE NEW STATE OF KANAWHA......................... pg. 369
  A Government without Money - Governor Pierpont borrows on the Credit of his own private Fortune - Military Seizure of the State Funds deposited in the Exchange Bank of Weston - Money due Virginia from the National Government collected - Re-assembling of the Convention August 6th - The Action of the Richmond Convention declared Null and Void - Ordinanace
CHAPTER XXV - THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION......................... pg. 376
  Meeting of the Body - Its Organization - Roll of Members - Proposed Name of the State changed from "Kanawha" to "West Virginia" - The subject of Slavery - The "Battelle Resolution" - The Same rejected by the Convention - Report of John A. Dille - The Same rejected by the Convention - Report of John A. Dille- The Constitution referred to the People - Its Ratification - Informal Vote upon the Second of the Battelle Resolutions
CHAPTER XXVI - THE STATE ADMITTED INTO THE UNION......................... pg. 381
  Act of Assembly granting Permission to form a new State within the Limits of Virginia - Commissioners to bring the Subject before Congress - The arrival at Washington - The Work of the other West Virginians at the National Capital - The Subject presented in the Senate - Referred to the Committee on Territories - The Bill prepared by John S. Carlisle and reported by the Committee - Carlisle's Opposition to the Measure - The "Willey Amendment" Bill of Hon. William G. Brown - The Senate passes the Bill - Its Friends and Enemies in that Body - Postponement in the House - Its final Passage by the Same - Approved by the President - The Constitution referred back to the Convention - Again ratified by the People - The President's Proclamation.
CHAPTER XXVII - ORGANIZATION OF THE NEW STATE GOVERNMENT......................... pg. 393
  State and County Officers elected - Inauguration of the Same - The Reorganized Government moved to Alexandria and thence to Richmond - Its Character - How West Virginia obtained Jurisdiction over Berkeley and Jefferson Counties - Legislative and Judicial Proceedings relative to the Same - Boundaries of the State and Area thereof.
CHAPTER XXVIII - MILITARY OPERATIONS IN WESTERN VIRGINIA......................... pg. 402
  First Federal Troops in Western Virginia - First Virginia Federal Infantry - First Engagement within the Limits of the State - Battle of Falling Waters - Engagement at Rich Mountain - Confederates defeated at Carrick's Ford and Death of General Garnett - Engagement at Barboursville- General Wise in the Great Kanawha Valley - Engagement at Scarey Creek - Surprise at Kennedy's Hill and Death of Major Hall- Skirmish at Pore's Hill - Battle at Carnifex' Ferry - Surprise at High Log Run - Firing upon the Town of Elizabeth - Engagement at Traveler's Repose or "Camp Barteau" Battle of Camp Allegheny - Burning of Guyandotte - Running Fight near Barboursville - Battle of Lewisburg - Surrender at Spencer - General Miles' Surrender at Harper's Ferry - Lightburn's Retreat from the Great Kanawha Valley - Capture of General Scammon and Staff - Burning of the Steamer "B. C. Levi" - Engagement at Hurricane Bridge - Attack on Steamer "Victress" - Action at Point Pleasant - Skirmish at Tuckwiler's Hill - General Jones burns the Oil at Burning Springs - Battle of Dry Creek or White Sulphur Springs - Skirmish at Sugar Tree Creek - Battle of Droop Mountain - Ambuscade at Curry's Farm - Skirmish at Raccoon Creek - Engagement at Winfield and Death of Colonel Thurman - Official Statement of the Number of Men from West Virginia in the National Service - Estimate of the Number from the State that entered the Confederate Service.
CHAPTER XXIX - THE STATE UNDER THE FIRST CONSTITUTION......................... pg. 424
  The First Session of the Legislation - Roll of Members of the Same - Election of First United States Senators - Counties without Sheriffs or other Revenue Collectors - Committee on State Seals - First Congressional Districts - Congratulatory Resolution relating to Citizens of East Tennessee - Rolls of Members of each Legislature from 1863 to 1872 inclusive - Contested Seats in each Branch - Virginia's Proposition to reunite to two States - West Virginia's Rejection of the Same - Second Election of United States Senators - The Constitutional Convention of 1872 - Roll of Members composing it - The Second Constitution - Important Changes in the Organic Law of the State.
CHAPTER XXX - THE STATE UNDER THE SECOND CONSTITUTION.......................... pg. 454
  First Session of the Legislature under the New Constitution - Allen T. Caperton elected to the United States Senate - Samuel Price appointed by Governor Jacob to fill the Vacancy caused by the Death of Senator Caperton - Election of Frank Hereford and Henry G. Davis to the United States Senate - Johnson n. Camden chosen as the Successor of Frank Hereford - John E. Kenna succeeds Henry G. Davis - Senatorial Contest of 1887 ......... pg. 454


CONTENTS OF PART II.

COUNTY DEPARTMENT

Date of Formation  -  
  For whom named or why so called - Date of Legal Establishment of Towns with Names of First Trustees and Date of Incorporation - Pioneer Recollections and Historic Events of each of the Fifty-four Counties of the State ............... 481
NAME WHEN FORMED PAGE
Ritchie 1843 683
Taylor 1844 684
Doddridge 1845 685
Gilmer 1845 686
Wetzel 1846 687
Boone 1847 687
Putnam 1848 689
Wirt 1848 697
Hancock 1848 701
Raleigh 1850 708
Wyoming 1850 713
Pleasants 1851 719
Upshur 1851 719
Calhoun 1855 720
Clay 1856 724
Roane 1856 725
Tucker 1856 727
McDowell 1860 728
Webster 1860 729
Grant 1866 729
Mineral 1866 730
Lincoln 1867 730
Summers 1871 733
     

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

DRINKING GEORGE'S HEALTH ON THE ALLEGHANIES, Frontispiece
ALEXANDER SPOTTSWOOD 55
GENERAL BRADDOCK 85
GENERAL BRADDOCK MORTALLY WOUNDED 89
BATTLE OF POINT PLEASANT 125
FORT HENRY, WHEELING, 1777 153
M'COLLOCH'S LEAP 165
PIONEER HOME ON GREENBRIER RIVER 227
VIEWS OF HARPER'S FERRY 309
JOHN BROWN SUPPORTING HIS DYING SON 313
MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM S. ROSECRANS 409
MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM S. ROSECRANS 409
MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE CROOK 419
GENERAL THOMAS J. JACKSON 555
SEYBERT'S FORT 567
THE BLENNERHASSET MANSION 589
PIONEERS CLEARING LAND IN THE BIG SANDY VALLEY 717

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