Pennsylvania Genealogy Express


A Part of Genealogy Express

 

Welcome to
Crawford County, Pennsylvania
History & Genealogy

HISTORY
of
CRAWFORD COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
including A History of the County; its Towns, Villages, Schools, Churches, Industries, Etc.;
Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men;
Biographies; History of Pennsylvania; Statistical and Miscellaneous Matter, Etc., Etc.
ILLUSTRATED.
CHICAGO:
WARNER, BEERS & CO.
1885

CONTENTS

PART I.
HISTORY OF PENNSYLVANIA

CHAPTER I. - INTRODUCTORY 15-23
  Cornelis Jacobson Mey, 1624-25 - William Van Hulst, 1625-__ - Peter Minuit, 1625-33 - David Petersen De Vries, 1832-83 - Wouter Twiller, 1833-48
CHAPTER II 23-33
  Sir William Keift, 1638-47 - Peter Minuit, 1638-41 - Peter Hollandaer, 1641-43 - John Printz, 1643-53 - Peter Stuyvesant, 1647-64 - John Pappagoya, 1653-54 - John Claude Rysingh, 1654-55
CHAPTER III 33-35
  John Paul Jaquet, 1655-57 - Jacob Alrichs, 1657-59 - Goeran Van Dyck, 1657 - ___ - William Beekman, 1658-63 - Alexander D'Hinoyossa, 1659-64
CHAPTER IV 35-41
  Richard Nichos, 1664-67 - Robert Neelham, 1664-68 - Francis Lovelace, 1667-73 - John Carr, 1668-73 - Anthony Colve, 1673-74 - Peter Alrichs, 1673-74
CHAPTER V 41-50
  ___ Amdros, 1674-81 - Edmund Cantwell, 1674-76 - John Collier, 1676-77 - Christopher Billop, 1677-81
CHAPTER VI 51-61
  William Markham, 1681-82 - William Penn, 1682-84
CHAPTER VII 61-69
  Thomas Lloyd, 1684-86 - Five Commissioners, 1686-88 - John Blackwell, 1688-90 - Thomas Lloyd, 1690-91 - William Markham, 1691-93 - Benjamin Fletcher, 1693-95 - William Markham, 1698-99
   
CHAPTER VIII 69-75
  William Penn, 1699-1701 - Andrew Hamilton, 1701-3 - Edward Shippen, 1703-4 - John Evans, 1904-9 - Charles Gookin, 1709-17
CHAPTER IX 75-89
  Sir William Keith, 1717-96 - Patrick Gordon, 1726-36 - James Logan, 17858-88 - George Thomas, 1738-47 - Anthony Palmer, 1747-48 - James Hamilton, 1748-54
CHAPTER X 89-97
  Robert H. Morris, 1754-56 - William Denny, 1756-59 - James Hamilton, 1759-63
CHAPTER XI 98-104
  John Penn, 1763-71 - James Hamilton, 1771 - Richard Penn, 1771-73 - John Penn, 1773-76
CHAPTER XII 104-114
  Thomas Wharton, Jr., 1777-78 - George Bryan, 1778 - Joseph Reed, 1778-81 - William Moore, 1781-82 - John Dickinson, 1782-85 - Benjamin Franklin, 1785-88
CHAPTER XIII 114-121
  Thomas Mifflin, 1788-99 - Thomas McKean, 1799-1808 - Simon Snyder, 1808-17 - William Findlay, 1817-20 - Joseph Heister, 1820-23 - John A. Shulze, 1823-29 - George Wolfe, 1829-35 - Joseph Ritner, 1835-39
CHAPTER XIV 122-131
  David R. Porter, 1839-45 - Francis R. Shunk, 1845-48 - William F. Johnstone, 1848-52 - William Gibler, 1852-55 - James Pollock, 1855-58 - William F. Packer, 1858-61 - Andrew G. Curtin, 1861-67 - John W. Geary, 1867-73 - John F. Hartranft, 1873-78 - Henry F. Hoyt, 1878-82 - Robert E. Pattison, 1882.
GUBERNATORIAL TABLE 132


PART II.
HISTORY OF CRAWFORD COUNTY.

CHAPTER I - 137-142
  Archaeology - The Mound Builders - Evidences of a Vanished Race - Delaware Tradition of the Allegewi - Pre-Historic Remains in Crawford County - Stone Mound Near Oil Creek - Old Meadows on French Creek, and Indian Tradition Regarding Them - Circular Forts and Mounds Below Meadville - Indian Graves and Relics - Description of a Large Fort Near Pymatuning Swamp - Numerous Artificial Oil Pits Found by the Pioneers in the Vicinity of Titusville - Munds in Other Portions of the County - Archaeological Conclusions Regarding these Monuments of Antiquity.
CHAPTER II - 142-158
  Indian History - The Eries Occupy the Southern Shore of Lake Erie - They are Conquered and Dispersed by the Iroquois - Catholic Missionaries Who Have Written of the Eries - Definition of Their Name - Mention of the Eries on Two Old French Maps at Harrisburg - Seneca Tradition Regarding the War of Extermination - The Senecas Occupy the Conquered Territory - War Between the Senecas and Massassaugas - Indian Villages in Crawford County - Friendly Indians and White Prisoners Found Here by the First Settlers - Neighboring Indian Towns - Biography of Cornplanter - Ancient Indian Trace - Delegations of Wyandots and Senecas Pass Through Meadville in 1808 - Council at Jennesedaga Between Citizens of Crawford County and the Senecas - The Latter Join the Americans in the War of 1812-15.
CHAPTER III - 154-169
  French Navigators - Cartier Discovers the St. Lawrence - Champlain Founds Quebec and Montreal - French Explorations - Catholic Missionaries Visit the Eries and Iroquois - Joncaire - French and English Traders - Conflicting Claims - Celeron's Expedition - The French Take Possession of the Machault and DuQuesne - Catholic Church Erected at Presque Isle - English Resistance to the Claims of France - Washington's Mission to the French Commandant at LeBoeuf - War Between the Two Nations - Old French Road Through Crawford County - French Fort at Site of Meadville - Evacuation of the Country by the French, and English Occupancy - Forts Presque Isle and LeBoeuf Repaired, and Venango and Pitt Erected - Indian Dissatisfaction - Pontiac's Conspiracy and Capture of Forts Venango, LeBoeuf and Presque Isle - Revolutionary War and American Possesson Indian Treaties - Erection of Fort Franklin - Soldiers Stationed at Mead's Blockhouse - French Creek Settlers Organize for Protection - English and Indian Opposition to American Occupation - Wayne's Victory and Final Peace.
CHAPTER IV - PIONEERS OF FRENCH CREEK 170-181
  David and John Mead Visit the Valley in 1787 - Appearance of the Country at that Time - First Settlement Made in May, 1788, by David, John and Joseph Mead, Thomas Martin, John Watson, James Fitz Randolph, Thomas Grant, Cornelius VanHorne and Christopher Snyder - They Plow and Plant a Field of Corn in the Bottom West of French Creek - Selection of the Lands - David and John Mead Bring Out Their Families - Arrival of Darius Mead, Robert Fitz Randolph and Frederick Baum - First Birth in the Settlement - Biographies of David Mead, John Mead, Cornelius Van Horn, Robert Fitz Randolph and Edward Fitz Randolph - The Hermitage They Left to Their Descendants.
CHAPTER V - INDIAN DEPREDATIONS 181-191
  Friendly Indians - The Settlers Leave the Valley in April, 1791 - Return of Cornelius Van Horne, Thomas Ray and William Gregg - Capture of Van Horne by the Indians and his Subsequent Escape - He meets Ensign Jeffers at Mead's Block-House and Goes to Fort Franklin - Ray Captured and Gregg Killed by the Savages - The Former Taken to Detroit, but Finally Gains his Freedom - Capture and Death of Darius Mead - Unsettled State of French Creek Valley - Mead's Block-House Garrisoned by Ensign Bond - Indians Attack James Dickson - Cornelius Van Horne Raises a Company of Volunteers to Protect the Settlement - The Settlers Erect a Block-House at Meadville - 'Fearless Character of the Pioneers - Findlay and McCormick Killed by Indians - Raid on William Power's Camp by the Same Band, and Capture of James Thompson - Closing Events of Indian Hostility.
CHAPTER VI - NORTHWESTERN PENNSYLVANIA 191-205
  Formation of Counties - Territory Embraced in Allegheny County - Erection of Crawford County, and Location of the Seat of Justice at Meadville - Surrounding Counties Erected and Temporarily Attached to Crawford for Judicial Purposes - The Mercer and Erie County Boundary Lines Established - Biography of Col. William Crawford after Whom the County was Named - His Useful Career and Cruel Death - Location and Boundaries of Crawford County - Townships - Size, Area, and General Appearance - Population Statistics - French Creek - The Stream as a Highway of Navigation - New Channel at Meadville - Its Tributaries - Cussewago and Other Streams - Oil Creek - Conneaut Creek - Shenango and Crooked Creek - Lake Conneaut - Oil Creek Lake - Sugar Lake.
CHAPTER VII - TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF CRAWFORD COUNTY 205-225
  Features of Crawford County - Elevations, Surface Dip, and Physical Phenomena of Streams, Lakes and Swamps - Drainage of Conneaut Marsh - Pymatuning Swamp - Geological Series - Drift - Buried Valleys - Pottsville Conglomerate - Homewood Sand Stone, Mercer Group, Conoquenessing and Sharon - Subconglomerate Formations - Shenango, Meadville and Oil Lake Groups - Venango Oil Sand Group - Venango Upper Sandstone, Upper Shales, Middle Sandstone, Lower Shales and Lower Sandstone.
CHAPTER VIII - LANDS 226-235
  Land Provision Made for Pennsylvania Soldiers of the Revolution by the Act of 1780 - Depreciation Certificates - Act of 1783 - Depreciation Lands - Donation Lands - Survey and Distribution of Military Lands West of the Allegheny River - Unseated Lands - Act of 1792 - Prevention Clause in Said Act, and the Litigation and Troubles Arising Therefrom - Organization of Land Companies - Holland Land Company -Pennsylvania Population Company - North American Land Company - John Reynolds' Reminiscences of the Conflict Between the Settlers and Land Companies, and the Injury Thereby Inflicted on the Settlement and Prosperity of the County.
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
CHAPTER IX - AGRICULTURE 236-246
  First Land Cultivated by the Pioneers in the alley of French Creek and First Corn Crop Planted - Pioneer Nursery - Introduction of Potatoes Wheat, Rye, Buckwheat, Oats, Barley, etc. - Rapid Increase of the Cereals - Horses and Cattle - Merino Sheep Brought into the County - Anecdote of a Sheep Speculation - Swine of the Past and Present - Stock and Land in 1826 - Wool, Production - Leading Fine Stock Breeders, Dealers and Importers - Agricultural Societies of Crawford County - Agricultural Implements, their Changes and Wonderful Improvement During the Past Century - Pioneer Mode of Farming - Dairy Interests - First Cheese Factories Erected in the County - Their Rapid Increase and Present Prosperity of the Business - Dairyman's Association - Dairyman's Board of Trade.
CHAPTER X - PRIMITIVE APPEARANCE OF CRAWFORD COUNTY 249-262
  Timber, and Fruit-Bearing Trees and Vines - Roots and Herbage - Pioneer Days and Trials - Habitations of hte First Settlers - Furniture - Food and Medicine - Habits, Labor and Dress - Early Manners and Customes - "Bees" and Weddings - The Hominy Block and Pioneer Mills - Store Goods and Produce - Old Cash Book at Fort Franklin - Mode of Living - Churches and Schools - Period of 1812-15 - Alfred Huidekoper's List of Wild Animals, Birds and Reptiles - An Old Settler - Game - The Inhabitants of Northwestern Pennsylvania Petition the Legislature to Enact a Law for the Destruction of Squirrels - Hunts Inaugurated - Pheasants, Pigeons, Bees and Fish - Wolves - Premiums on Wolf and Fox Scalps - Bears - Panthers - Fur-Bearing Animals - The Rattlesnake and other Pests of Early Times.
CHAPTER XI - INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS 263-286
  Early Roads and Navigation - Salt Trade - Discovery and Manufacture of Salt in Crawford County - Freightage of Salt Between Erie and Pittsburgh - Turnpike Roads - County Expenditures for Roads and Bridges from 1804 to 1834 - Mode of Travel in Pioneer Days - Plank Roads - First Bridges Built across French Creek - Stage Lines and Mail Routes - Boating and Navigation on French Creek - Canals and Canal Building - 'French Creek Feeder and the Beaver & Erie Canal - Introduction of Steamboats of the Allegheny and Slack-Water Navigation on French Creek - Completion of the Beaver & Erie Canal - Railroads of Crawford County.
CHAPTER XII - THE BURR CONSPIRACY, ETC. 286-294
  One of Burr's Agents Visits Meadville and Enlists en for the Expedition - Capture of Boats on the Ohio - The Democracy of Crawford County Hold a Celebration at Meadville to Rejoice Over the Failure of the Conspiracy - Suggestive Toasts Drank of the Occasion - The Federalists take Offense and Attempt Retaliation - Partisan Strife Becomes Bitter, but Finally Dies Out and Peace Prevails - Religious Phenomena of Pioneer Days - Strange Actions of Those Affected - Vivid Descriptions of the Excitement - Early Murders - Killing of a Squaw in Meadville - Murder of Hugh Fitzpatrick by Van Holland - Arrest, Trial and Execution of the Murderer - Hanging of Lamphier for Killing Constable Smith - Charles Higgenbottom Killed by George Gosnell - The Latter Sent to the Penitentiary - Slavery in Crawford County - John Brown, of Ossawatomie.
CHAPTER XIII - JUDICIARY 295-311
  Pioneer Court Houses, Their Simplicity and Many Uses - First Buildings Used for County Purposes in Crawford County - First Term of Court and Amusing Incident Connected Therewith - Second Session and First Grand Jury Impanelled - Indictments Found by This Jury - Pioneer Mode of Settling Disagreements - Anecdote of Judge Mead - Second Grand Jury - First Jury Trial in Crawford County - Early Practice and Practitioners - The Bench and Bar - President, District and Additional Law Judges - 'Associate Judges - Deputy Attorney-Generals and District Attorneys - United States Courts - The Men who Organized the First Court at Meadville - Brief Biographies of Leading Members of the Bench and Bar - Present Bar of the County - Resident Attorneys out of Practice - Deceased Attorneys.
CHAPTER XIV - OFFICIAL ROSTER 311-320
  Members of Congress - State Senators - State Representatives - Prothonotaries - Clerk - Registers and Recorders - Sheriffs - Commissioners - Treasurers - Surveyors - Coroners - County Buildings and County Farm - The Old State Arsenal
CHAPTER XV - EDUCATIONAL 321-330
  The Old Block-House Where in the First School in Crawford County was Taught - The Act Erecting the County Provides for a Seminary of Learning at the County Seat - Pioneer Schoolhouses - School Law of 1809 - Free Schools Established in 1834 - Nationality and Educational Characteristics of the Early Settlers - Teachers of Pineer Days - Organization of the Crawford County Teachers' Institute - Its Growth and Progress, and the Work it has Accomplished - School Law of 1854 - Office of County Superintendent Created - Establishment of Normal Schools - Superintendents since 1854 - Present Condition of the Schools - Crawford County Medical Society - Homeopathic Medical Society of Crawford County - Crawford County Mutual Insurance Company - Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Crawford County.
CHAPTER XVI - MILITARY HISTORY 331-343
  English Intrigue and Indian Hospitality - Tecumseh and the Battle of Tippecanoe - War of 1812-15 - Preparing for the Conflict - Organization of the Militia - Gen. David Mead and Brigade - Inspector William Clark Engaged in the Work - Military Camp Established at Meadville by Gen. Tannehill's Brigade - Political Trouble Between the Soldiers while in Camp - The Command - Leaves for the Front - Excitement Caused by Hull's Surrender - Patriotism of the Pioneers - Tannehill's Brigade Disband - Testimonial to Maj. James Herriott - Recruiting Office at Meadville - Building of Perry's Fleet - Gen. Mead's Stirring Appeal to the People - Perry's Letter of Tanks to Gen. Mead - Battle of Lake Erie - Second Letter from Perry to Mead - Mead's Troops Stationed at Erie in 1813-14 - Capt. Morris Recruiting at Meadville - List of Officers - Peace Proclaimed - Brief Review of the War - Mexican War.
CHAPTER XVII - CRAWFORD COUNTY IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION 344-365
  Patriotic Feeling Among its People - Meetings Held to Denounce Treason and Uphold the Government - First Volunteers Sent to the Front - Erie Regiment - Thirty-eighth Regiment, Ninth Reserve - Thirty-ninth Regiment, Tenth Reserve - Fifty-seventh Regiment - Fifty-Ninth Regiment, Second Cavalry - Eighty-Third Regiment - One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment - One hundred and Thirteenth Regiment, Twelfth Cavalry - One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment - One Hundred and Thirty-seventh Regiment - One Hundred and Forty-fifth Regiment - One Hundred and  Thirty-sixth Regiment - One Hundred and Thirty-seventh Regiment - One Hundred and Forty-fifth Regiment - One Hundred and Fiftieth Regiment - One Hundred and Sixty-third Regiment, Eighteenth Cavalry - One Hundred and Ninetieth and Ninety-first Regiments - Two Hundred and Eleventh Regiment - Close of the War.


PART III.
MEADVILLE AND TITUSVILLE

CHAPTER I - MEADVILLE 371-389
  Appearance and Topography of the City - The Town Laid Out by David Mead - First Sales of Lots and the Purchasers - Anecdote of the First Survey - Pioneers - Re-survey and Enlargement of the Town Plat - 'Brief Sketches of Those , Who Located Permanently in Meadville Prior to 1805 - Early Physicians - Natural Phenomena of Pioneer Days - Strange Psychological Phenomenon - Visit of La Fayette - Meadville in 1830 - Business Men Then Residing Here - Old Houses Yet Remaining - The Changes Which 'Fifty-four Years Have Wrought in the Town.
CHAPTER II - RELIGIOUS HISTORY 389-403
  First Presbyterian Church - Second Presbyterian Church - Cumberland Presbyterian and United Presbyterian Churches - First Methodist Episcopal Church - State Street Methodist Episcopal Church - African Methodist Episcopal Church - Christ Protestant Episcopal Church - Independent Congregational Church - First Baptist Church - Lutheran Evangelical Trinity Church - St. Paul's Reformed Church - St. Agatha's Catholic Church - St. Bridget's Catholic Church - 'Meadville Hebrew Society - First Evangelical Protestant Church - Park Avenue Congregational Church.
CHAPTER III - SCHOOLS OF MEADVILLE 404-426
  The Old Block-House Remodeled by David Mead for School Purposes - First School Opened in the Town - Night School - Meadville Academy Founded by the Legislature - Original Subscribers to the Fund for its Establishment - The Academy Opened Under Rev. Joseph Stockton - Its Early Teachers and Future Progress - Free Schools - Growth of Education in Meadville and Present Condition of the Schools - 'Allegheny College - History of the Institution from its Inception to the present time - Meadville Theological School - Meadville Business College.
   
   
   
CHAPTER IV - NEWSPAPERS, ETC. 426-443
  Crawford Weekly Messenger - Allegheny Magazine - Western Standard - Meadville Gazette - Unitarian Essayist - Western Star - Meadville Courier - Crawford Democrat - Statesman - American Citizen - Democratic Republican - Meadville Gazette - Crawford Journal - Pennsylvania Sentinel - Cussewago Chronical - Spirit of the Age - Meadville Republican - Meadville Index - Crawford County Post - Meadville Reporter - Democratic Messenger - Messenger Democrat - Morning News - National Vindicator - Chautauquan - Chautauqua Assembly Herald - Pennsylvania Farmer - Meadville Tribune - Past and Present Manufacturing Interests of the City.
CHAPTER V - MEADVILLE CONCLUDED 443-462
  Incorporation of Meadville as a Borough - First Election of Officers - Meadville Becomes a City - Population of the Town by Decades Since 1800 - Burgesses - Mayors - Postmasters - The Old Cemetery - Greendale Cemetery - City Hall - Market House - St. Joseph's Hospital - Meadville City Hospital - Fire Department - Meadville Gas and Water Company - Electric Light - Meadville Water Company - Telegraph, Telephone, and Express Companies - Banks - Hotels - Secret and Other Societies - Pioneer Shows and Public Halls - Public Library - Parks - Conclusion.
CHAPTER VI - TITUSVILLE 462-475
  Historical - Early Settlements - First Things - Lumbering Industry - Discovery of Petroleum - Oil Companies Organized - Oil Wells - Refineries - Great Oil Fire - Oil Exchange - Industries.
CHAPTER VII - TITUSVILLE, CONCLUDED 476-491
  Incorporation - City Hall - Water Works - Gas and Water Company - Fire Companies - Sewers - Banking - Library Association - Agricultural Association - The Press - Schools - Churches - Cemeteries - Societies - Miscellaneous


PART IV
TOWNSHIP HISTORIES.

CHAPTER I - ATHENS TOWNSHIP 495-501
  Boundary - Lands - Early Settlements - Organization - Population - Streams - Railroads - Topography - Timber - Industries - Schools - Post Offices - Little Cooley - First Settlers - Industries, etc. - Churches
CHAPTER II - BEAVER TOWNSHIP 502-505
  Erection - Boundaries - Physical Features - Industries - Land Titles - Settlements - Salt Industry - Mills - Schools - Beaver Center - Churches.
CHAPTER III - BLOOMFIELD TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF RICEVILLE 505-513
  Organization - Boundaries - Physical Features - Lands - Early Settlers - Thomas Bloomfield - Richard Shreve - Other Settlers - Money - Schools - Lincolnville - Churches - Chapmanville - Bloomfield - Cheese Factories - Mills.
  BOROUGH OF RICEVILLE 511
  Incorporation - Officers - Early Settlers - Schools - Industries - Churches - Societies
CHAPTER IV - CAMBRIDGE TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF CAMBRIDGEBORO 513-521
  Formation - Location - Name - Physical Features - Early Settlers - Drake's Mills - Schools.
  BOROUGH OF CAMBRIDGEBORO 516
  Location - Population - Settlement - Growth - Business - The Railroad - Present Industries - Incorporation - Officers - Newspaper - Churches - Societies - The Conservatory of Music - Schools.
CHAPTER V - CONNEAUT TOWNSHIP 522-526
  Organization - Boundaries - Name - Physical Features - Area and Population - Land Companies - First Purchasers - Early Settlers - Mills - Schools - Friends - Churches - Summit - Penn Line - Steamburg.
CHAPTER VI - CUSSEWAGO TOWNSHIP 526
  Formation and Boundaries - Name - Streams - Soil - Population - First Owners - Pioneer Life - Early Settlers - Mills - Cheese Factories - Schools - Mosiertown - Crossingville - Churches.
CHAPTER VII - EAST FAIRFIELD TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF COCHRANTON 533-540
  Petition - Election - Physical Features - Titles - Trials of Pioneers - First Settlers - Early School Teachers - Shaw's Landing - Pettis Postoffice - Stitzerville - Churches
  BOROUGH OF COCHRANTON 535
  Population and Present Industries - school - Press - Churches - Societies - Cemetery.
CHAPTER VIII - EAST FALLOWFIELD TOWNSHIP 541-545
  Fallowfield and Boundaries - Division of the Original Township - Physical Features - Population Company Contracts - First Settlers - Other Settlers - Early Schools - Lost Child - Mills - Atlantic - Societies - Churches
CHAPTER IX - FAIRFIELD TOWNSHIP 546-552
  Boundaries - Location - Physical Features - Population - First Settles - Lands - Later Settlements - Conscription - State Road - Library Association - Schools - Great Snow - Mill - Calvin's Corners - Churches.
CHAPTER X - GREENWOOD TOWNSHIP 552-559
  Location - Area - Population - Physical Features - Field's Claim - Early Settlers - Early Mills - Distilleries - Early Teachers - Glendale - West Greenwood - Mills, Churches.
  BOROUGH OF GENEVA 556
  Population - Incorporation - Election - Officers - Early Residents - Schools - Churches - Societies.
CHAPTER XI - HAYFIELD TOWNSHIP 559-564
  Organization - Area - Physical Features - Population - Early Settlers - Land Titles - Pioneer Trails - Mills - Schools - Churches - Hayfield - Coon's Corners - Norrisville.
CHAPTER XII - MEAD TOWNSHIP 564-575
  Formation Size - Valuation - Population - Boundaries - Rev. Timothy Alden on Mead Township - Early Settlers - Titles from the Holland Land Company - Other Settlers - Mills - Wayland - Frenchtown - Bousson - Schools - Churches.
CHAPTER XIII - NORTH SHENANGO TOWNSHIP 576-579
  Original Township - Subdivision - Population - Physical Features - Mounds - Espyville Station - Espyville Postoffice - Churches - Land Titles - Early Settlers - Mills - Distilleries - Early Teachers
CHAPTER XIV - OIL CREEK TOWNSHP AND BOROUGH OF HYDETOWN 579-585
  Erection - Boundaries - Physical Features - Land Titles - Early Settlers - Early Merchants - Postoffice - Mills - Distilleries - Oil Wells - Early Teachers - Religion - Churches - Kerr's Hill
  BOROUGH OF HYDETOWN 584
  First Settlers - Early Business Interests - School - Present Business - Incorporation - Officers - Churches - The Equitable Aid Union - Literary Society
CHAPTER XV - PINE TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF LINESVILLE 586-595
  Population - Organization - Name - Physical Features - Land Companies - Deeds - Early Settlers - Colt's New Station.
  BOROUGH OF LINESVILLE 591
  Location - Origin - Plat Recorded - Postoffice - Early Settlers - Mill - Press - School - Churches - Societies - Police Company - Incorporation - Business - Professions.
CHAPTER XVI - RANDOLPH TOWNSHIP 595-601
  Location - Organization - Lands - Population - Physical Features - Settlements - Land Titles - Pioneers - Soldiers' Titles - Later Settlers - Mills - Schools - Guy's Mills - Societies - Churches.
CHAPTER XVII - RICHMOND TOWNSHIP 601-605
  Boundaries - Physical Features - Donation Lands - Soldiers' Claims - Pioneers - Tannery - Mills - Cheese Factories - Early Schools - New Richmond - Lyona - Cemeteries - Churches.
CHAPTER XVIII - ROCKDALE TOWNSHIP 605-612
  Original Boundaries - Present Limits - Population - Physical Features - Early Mills - Land Titles - Early Settlers - Other Mills - First Schools - Roads - Miller's Station - Church - Cemetery - Brown Hill.  
CHAPTER XIX - ROME TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF CENTREVILLE 612-620
  Organization - Boundaries - Area - Population - Physical Features - Land Titles - Pioneers - Early Tax Payers - Mills - Early School Teachers - Churches
  BOROUGH OF CENTREVILLE 616
  Settlement - Present business Interests - School - Cemetery - Churches - Societies
 
CHAPTER XX - SADSBURY TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF EVENSBOROUGH 620-625
  Original Boundaries - Present Area - Population - Canal - Ralroads - Coneaut Lake - Physical Features - Land Companies - Early Settlers - Distilleries - Early Teachers - Shermanville - Aldenia - Stony Point Post office
  BOROUGH OF EVANSBORO 623
  Location - Incorporation - Hotels - Population - Busines - Religous Organizations - Societies - The Founder - 'Early Settlers and Business Pursuits.
CHAPTER XXI - SOUTH SHENANGO TOWNSHIP 625-630
  Erection - Population - Physical Features - Westford - Marshall's Corners - McLean's Corners - Population Company Contracts - Early Settlers - Indians - First Teachers - Religious Organizations
CHAPTER XXII - SPARTA TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF SPARTANSBURG 630-635
  Boundaries - Erection - Population - Physical Features - Mills - Land Companies - Early Pioneers - Early Justice - Early School Teachers.
  BOROUGH OF SPARTANSBURG 633
  Location - Business - Early Settlers - First Name - Incorporation - Officers - Religious Organization - Societies
CHAPTER XXIII - SPRING TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGHS OF CONNEAUTVILLE AND SPRING 635-652
  Name - Physical Features - Population - Land Titles - Early Settlers - 'Adventures of Pioneers - Early Mills - Lumbering - Early Schools - 'Teachers - Religious Organizations - Rundel's Postoffice
  BOROUGH OF CONNEAUTVILLE 542
  Incorporation - Election - Officers - Fire Department - Population - Canal Days - Present Industries - Mercantile Pursuits - Alexander Power - Original Plat - First 'Settlers - Press - Bank - Cemetery - Agricultural Societies - Schools - Churches - Societies
  BOROUGH OF SPRING 650
  Location - Population - Business - First Settlers - Postoffice - Incorporation - Election - Officers - School - Churches - Societies.
CHAPTER XXIV - STEUBEN TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF TONWVILLE 653-658
  Erection - Boundaries - Lands - Early Settlers - Lumbering - Early Mills - Tryonville - Prosposed Railroad - Clappville - Tryonville Methodist Episcopal Church.
  BOROUGH OF TOWNVILLE 656
  Incorporation - Officers - Population - Business Interests - Name - Early Residents Schools - Press - Religious Organizations - Societies.
CHAPTER XXV - SOMMERHILL TOWNSHIP 658-662
  Boundaries - Organization - Physical Features - Pioneers - Land Titles - Distilleries - Mills - Early School - Dicksonburg - Religious Organization - Society.
CHAPTER XXVI - SUMMIT TOWNSHIP 662-667
  Boundaries - Formation - Population - Physical Features - First Settlements - Land Titles - Pioneers - Conneaut Lake - Cemeteries - Early Methodist Organization - Canal - Peat and Marl - Mills - Religious Organizations - Harmonsburg - Churches - Lodges
CHAPTER XXVIII - UNION TOWNSHIP 672-675
  Petition - Proposed Bounds - Election - Physical Features - Population - 'Early Settlements - Killing by Indians - Early Deeds - Other Pioneers - Religious Organization - Mills
CHAPTER XXIX - VENANGO TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF VANANGO 675-680
  Organization - Boundaries - Physical Features - Name - Early Settlers - Distillery - Mills - Religious Societies  
  BOROUGH OF VENANGO 678
  First Settlement - Industries - Incorporation - Officers - Population - Business - Schools - Religious Organizations - Societies
CHAPTER XXX - VERNON TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF VALLONIA 680-685
  Organization - Population - Physical Features - Industries - First Settlers - Holland Company Titles - Kerrtown - Fredericksbug or Stringtown - Religious Organizations.  
  BOROUGH OF VALLONIA 684
  Location - Incorporation - Election - Population - Growth - First Residents - Distillery - Post office - School - Mission Chapel
CHAPTER XXXI - WAYNE TOWNSHIP 685-688
  Formation - Limits - Population - Physical Features - Sugar Lake - Indians - Rattlesnakes - Deer - Wild Animals - Titles - Early Settlers - Mills - Schools - Decardville Religious Organizations
CHAPTER XXXII - WEST FALLOWFIELD TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGH OF HARTSTOWN 689-392
  Formation - Population - Physical Features - Pennsylvania Population Land Titles - Early Settlers - Early Presbyterian Congregation - Adamsville - Religious Organizations - Schools
  BOROUGH OF HARTSTOWN 691
  Incorporation - Officers - Location - Population - Business Houses - Name - Churches - A. O. U. W.
CHAPTER XXXIII - WEST SHENANGO TOWNSHIP 693-694
  Petition - Elections - Population - Physical Features - Penn Population Company Titles - Early Settlers - Early Hills - Cheese Factory - Early Teachers - Turnersville - Religious Organizations
CHAPTER XXXIV - WOODCOCK TOWNSHIP AND BOROUGHS OF BLOOMING VALLEY, SAEGERTOWN AND WOODCOCK 695-705
  Boundaries - Erection - Population - Physical Features - Early Settlements and Settlers Holland Land Company Titles - Actual Settlers - Other Pioneers - Schools - Taverns - Graveyards - Mills - Cheese Factory - Paper Mill.
  BOROUGH OF BLOOMING VALLEY 699
  Location - Population - Name - Postoffice - Village Plat - Business Interests - Schools 0 Press - Incorporation - Election - Officers - Religious Organizations - Societies
  BOROUGH OF SAEGERTOWN 801
  Location - Population - The Founder - Early Business - Incorporation - Officers - Present Business - Cemetery - 'Schools - Churches - Societies
  BOROUGH OF WOODCOCK 803
  Location - Population - Rockville - Ke0plertown - First Settlers - Incorporation - Officers - Present Business - Societies - Churches - Grange - Fairs.


PART V.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

Meadville 709
Athens Township 776
Beaver Township 788
Bloomfield Township 791
Cambridge Township 800
Conneaut Township 819
Cussewago Township 841
East Fairfield Township 857
East Fallowfield Township 863
Fairfield Township 864
Greenwood Township 869
Hayfield Township 871
Mead Township 891
North Shenango Township 904
Oil Creek Township 913
Pine Township 919
Randolph Township 925
Richmond Township 943
Rockdale Township 962
Rome Township 970
Sadsbury Township 985
South Shenango 993
Sparta Township 999
Spring Township 1010
Steuben Township 1066
Summerhill Township 1055
Summit Township 1080
Titusville 1088
Troy Township 1101
Union Township 1107
Venango Township 1112
Vernon Township 1123
Wayne Township 1137
West Fallowfield Township 1130
West Shenango Township 1141
Woodcock Township 1143
Jamestown, Mercer County 1184
   


PORTRAITS.

Bemus, Daniel, Meadville 46
Brawley, Francis, Mead Township 187
Britton, A. T., Randolph Township 267
Gideon, Vernon Township 547
Birchard, D. D., Cambridge Township 167
Chamberlain, E., Richmond Township 367
Culbertson, J. H., Cambridge Township 218
Cutshall, G. W., Randolph Township 378
Davis, Wm, Jr., Meadville 134
Davis, James H., Meadtownship 178
Dick, John, Meadville 79
Doane, Isaac S., Mead Township 307
Gamble, W. J., Cussewago Township 348
Gamble, Esther Jane, Mrs., Cussewago Township 349
Gamble, H. M., South Shenango Township 387
Gibson, Dr. William, Jamestown, Mercer County 207
Herrington, Edward, Union Township 158
Hotchkiss, Elizabeth, Mrs., Cussewago Township 607
Humes, John M., Woodcock Township 407
Johnson, Wm. M., Dr., Venango Township 438
Johnson, R. C., Fairfield Township 227
Kean, John S., Sadsbury Township 527
Kepler, S. W., Meadville 538
McKay, Neal, Randolph Township 278
Miller, Robert P., Pine Township 447
Morse, William Richmond Township 298
Pettis. S. Newton, Meadville 487
Reitz C., Union Township 458
Richmond, Hiram L., Meadville 197
Richmond, A. B., Meadville 247
Ross, A. B., Cambridge Township 258
Ryan, Geo. P., Woodcock Township 497
Sperry, Isaac, Spring Township 396
Virtue, J. C., Randolph Township 558
Waid, John, Steuben Township 427
Waid, Ira C., Woodcock Township 147
Waid, Elizabeth P., Mrs., Woodcock Township 148
Waid, Francis C., Woodcock Township 328
Waid, Eliza C., Mrs., Woodcock Township 329
Waid, Robert L., Woodcock Township 507
Waid, George N., Woodcock Township 518
Waid, Franklin I., Woodcock Township 568
Waid, Maggie E., Mrs., Woodcock Township 569
Waid, Guinnip P., Woodcock Township 588
Waid, Anna M., Mrs., Woodcock Township 589
Waid, Fred F., Woodcock Township 618
Warner, William, Randolph Townshp 287
Wilcox, George, Rockdale Township 468
Wilcox, Sarah, Mrs., Rockdale Township 469
Williams, F., Spring Township 418
Wilson, Jacob, Randolph Township 238
Wing, D. O., Rockdale Townshi 318
 
 
 
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